Archive for August, 2009

Auto Engine:inline 4-cylinder and V-type 6-cylinder

We have in the face of the market will find all kinds of car, car engines also have different styles and different techniques, many people have this question, in the end what the engine is the best?

What is the best engine in the end? From the market point of view, this is a so no one can accurately answer the question, because the car’s design principles in such an industry self-evident rules – just right!  Should pay attention to what a reasonable match nature of automotive design is to emphasize the best combination.

Although the automotive market, we have the luxury of power is not difficult to find some configuration examples, but not the mainstream of the development direction of cars, at present we are in the market the most common and also the people most frequently mentioned problem is that high-class car market, the most common form of in-line four-cylinder engines and V-type 6-cylinder, why is there such phenomenon?  How should we choose?

Here,  these two kinds of engines to conduct a comprehensive comparison:

1, the basic concepts.

 From the traditional sense, the six-cylinder engine to meet the needs of a larger displacement and more power as a design, it is generally six-cylinder engine’s displacement is greater than 4-cylinder engine, but due to in-line six-cylinder engine will make the length of difficult to place, so they gave birth to the cylinder was “V”-shaped layout of the engine, which is V-type 6-cylinder engine.

 V-type 6-cylinder engine, compared with the in-line 4-cylinder engine, although greatly reduced in length, but in comparison with the in-line 4-cylinder engine weight is still a weak one, because there must be two sets of air intake system V6 engine and two cylinder heads , parts, therefore the heavier the engine, while the four-cylinder machines can reduce the weight of even 30%.  However, the weight of a direct impact on the car’s power and economy, especially the fuel economy was seriously affected, which is lighter in the car today for further in-line 4-cylinder engine can still be an important factor in the main engine .

 2, technical features.

 Overall: V6 engine is more lenient, but generally shorter than the in-line four-cylinder engine, front-precursor used in most cars where the engine transversely mounted, the engine compartment it is very cramped space in the installation and maintenance convenience is obviously not as good as in-line 4-cylinder engine, V6-cylinder engine while the technical requirements for fixed mount much higher.

 Structure: in-line 4-cylinder engine of simple structure, coupled with the engine compartment when placed around the room more Graceful ease, so the air-cooled cylinder cooling is better.  Displacement in the same or close to, the four-cylinder machine to be bigger bore, the corresponding area of the combustion chamber will be bigger, V6-cylinder engine bore is small, the combustion chamber of each cylinder corresponding to the area to be small, in-line 4 Valve-cylinder engine with a simple layout, while cylinder block, cylinder head and crankshaft structure is relatively simple compared to the V6 engine is much more complex.

 Features: compared to a similar power in the l case, the in-line 4-cylinder engine speed slightly lower for power frequency is less than V6 engines, V6 engines to power it, good stability, while the in-line 4-cylinder engine to power a number of poor stability, in the high-speed operation of the engine speed on the road, the V6 engine is relatively smooth and noise less impressive, so common in-line 4-cylinder engines make more use of balancer shaft to improve its functioning smoothly, whereas added a balancer shaft in-line 4-cylinder engine running smoothness can be achieved with the V-type 6-cylinder engine is very close results. In addition, the in-line 4-cylinder engine running at low speed when the torque characteristics are better, more suitable for urban environments.

Use: In general, in-line four-cylinder engine can use a lower compression ratio, it is generally in-line four-cylinder engine can use low-grade gasoline, the economy is good.  In-line 4-cylinder engine versatility, the basic emission below 2.5 can cover all the products, while the V6-cylinder engine is only applicable to large displacement of the high-end cars, use of a small.  In-line 4-cylinder engine technology is mature, simple structure, easy to maintain, and performance is stable, while the V6-cylinder engine on the complexity of processing technology, the relative quality of factors of instability there is a little more.

Maintenance: As in-line 4-cylinder engine, simple structure, stable quality, maintenance facilities, have an advantage, while the V6-cylinder engine complex structure, maintenance, technical requirements are higher, quality is relatively difficult to guarantee, and the maintenance of higher prices.  In the routine maintenance costs, the in-line 4-cylinder engine maintenance and low cost advantages are obvious.  Currently, BMW is still using in-line cylinder engine technology.

3, the market forecast.

 Energy-saving environmental protection in recent years widespread appeal, as well as engine technology advances, especially as the engine of new electronic control technology, the rapid development of automobile engine displacement is also declining.  A small displacement, turbo-charged, multi-valve, variable valve timing, variable intake manifold, cylinder fuel injection and other technologies have become the future development of the typical technical characteristics of the engine. For now, many in-line 4-cylinder engine has reached or exceeded the V6-cylinder engine performance. In addition, from the present perspective of the development of international automobile industry, automobile industry has entered the era of little profit, which is bound to restrict their development investment in new high-performance inline four-cylinder engine will have a wider application value.

 4, some recommendations.

 As we stated earlier, different engines have different strengths and weaknesses, it is difficult to say who has the absolute advantage. Want to emphasize in particular is that we choose the engine when not necessary to choose the largest displacement, but be sure to choose the most appropriate; you may not power the biggest, but be sure to choose the most cost-effective; not necessarily have to Choose the most advanced technology, but be sure to choose the most reliable. I am particularly in favor of the Mazda Core-wing ideas advocated by the engine, practicality = actual use value.  In short, power, performance, energy saving, environmental protection, reliability, is a not small.

Another Black Eye for Commercial Real Estate

Sales down more than half since last year

Commercial real estate sales suffered yet another decline in July as the ongoing economic crisis and tightened lending landscape continued to wreak havoc on the market.

Just 45 sales were made last month in Shelby County, down 24 percent from 59 sales in July 2008 and even down 15 percent from 53 sales in June, according to the latest data from real estate information company Chandler Reports,

Sales in July averaged $546,152, a 55 percent decline from $1.2 million in July 2008 and a 43 percent decline from $961,816 in June. And the total volume of sales in terms of dollar amount last month was $24.6 million, marking a 66 percent dropoff from $72 million in July 2008 and a 52 percent dropoff from $51 million in June.

Year to date (January through July), Shelby County has notched 350 commercial sales, off 37 percent from last year’s pace of 553. Commercial deals this year have averaged $575,914, a 44 percent decrease from $1 million in 2008, and the total volume in terms of dollar amount is $201.6 million, a 64 percent decrease from $564.2 million in 2008.

And then there were three

Only three sales in July exceeded $1 million, as deals continue to shrink because of stringent equity requirements from lenders. Last month’s top sale occurred July 10 when Atlanta-based Genuine Parts Co. paid $10.2 million for the 128,481-square-foot warehouse at 7415 Stage Road.

The seller was SunTrust Equity Funding LLC (following a merger with Atlantic Equity Partners Ltd.). Genuine Parts is the operator of NAPA Auto Parts, which already occupied the building as a distribution center and store.

Built in 2001, the Class A warehouse facility sits on 15.06 acres at the southwest corner of Stage (U.S. 64) and Appling roads. The Shelby County Assessor of Property’s 2009 appraisal is $6.5 million.

The next highest sale also came on July 10 with BCH Investments LLC buying a Poplar Avenue portfolio for $1.4 million in a special warranty deed. The properties, at 4811, 4825 and 4831 Poplar Ave., are considered Lots 1, 2 and 3 of the Colonial-Poplar Commercial Subdivision.

They sit on the southeast corner of Poplar Avenue and Colonial Road, and the seller was Clifton and Whitney Co., which bought the parcels in 1978. Michael Baird is listed as chief manager of BCH Investments LLC.

Third was an entity called Newman-Tillman Properties LLC buying a pair of lots at the southeast corner of Frayser Boulevard and North Hollywood Street (alternately known as Range Line Road) in Frayser for a combined $1.7 million to build a Walgreens drugstore.

Operating in the transaction as NTP Frayser-Range Line, the company bought the 1-acre parcel at 2653 Frayser Blvd. and the 0.59-acre parcel at 3470 Range Line Road. It subsequently filed a $4.4 million construction loan through First Tennessee Bank NA to build the drug store on the adjoining parcels.

Trickling millions

Another notable sale was the Memphis Business Academy buying the 86,640-square-foot big-box retail building at 3306 Overton Crossing St. in Frayser with plans to convert it into the school’s new home.

MBA spent slightly less than $1 million for the building, most recently home to the Frayser Super Mall, and will now undertake a roughly $800,000 to $1 million renovation to be completed by January.

As for the top commercial type in July, that honor was shared by neighborhood single-tenant commercial buildings and vacant land over 1 acre with six sales apiece. Neighborhood single-tenant commercial buildings averaged $156,667 per sale and vacant land over 1 acre averaged $286,957 per sale.

The warehouse category had the highest average sales price at $3.5 million over three sales.

And the top ZIP code for number of sales was West Person/Elvis Presley Boulevard’s 38106 with six sales averaging $457,500. The Bartlett/Brunswick ZIP of 38133 led the way in average and total sales amounts with its one sale of $10.2 million thanks to the transaction involving the Stage Road warehouse.

from http://www.memphisdailynews.com/editorial/Article.aspx?id=44363

Rolls Royce to break ‘Most Expensive Car Sold at Auction’ world record held by Ferrari

India StarIt’s a name very few people know (outside of the auto industry) or can spell, but he’s an extremely well respected car collector. Zach runs his own museum (seriously) and is offering up for sale at auction a very special car from his collection that is of special interest to all exotic car enthusiasts.

THE STAR OF INDIA ROLLS TO AUCTION

The famous, known as the “Star of India” is expected to sell for as much as a projected $14 million. This would break the old record of the 1957 Ferrari 250 Testa Rossa which sold for $12 million.

ROLLS ROYCE SALE TO BEAT FERRARI WORLD RECORD FOR MOST EXPENSIVE CAR SOLD AT AUCTION

What’s so special about the vehicle that it will most likely be able to garner such a huge ticket price when the auction gavel pounds this September 15th [2009]? The ultra-luxury and incredibly rare and mint condition vehicle is a “one off” 1934 Rolls Royce Phantom II 40/50 HP Continental. Up until now it has been a part of the museum’s vintage auto display in Mühlheim/Main, Germany

India Star Internal Details

The  “All-Weather Convertible” has a very illustrious history, as it was custom made for the Maharaja of Rajkot. Now you understand why it makes sense how a luxe vehicle could possibly outsell such a magnificent exotic racing car. It epitomizes the term exotic in the foreign flamboyant sense.

This car is pure sex, lust, and fantastic gluttony rolled into one chassis and polished. More, it inspires most of the other seven sins depending on who you are talking to and whether or not they think they can raise the cash to make a competitive bid on this auction house débutante from Zach’s world class auto collection.

India Star Internal Details

Honda, Toyota lenders aid dealers through clunker cash crisis

The finance arms for American Honda Motor Co. and Toyota Motor Sales U.S.A. Inc., as well as select other lenders, are providing financial assistance to dealers struggling with cash-flow problems created by the federal cash-for-clunkers program.

Dealers submit their requests to the government for $3,500 or $4,500 rebates electronically. Under the program, they are supposed to receive payment in 10 days. But since the program’s July 24 launch, dealers have only received payment for a small percentage of the processed voucher requests.

American Honda Financial Services and Toyota Financial Services said today they are providing relief to the dealers with credit lines for their new-vehicle inventory.

Toyota Financial Services automatically pre-approves dealers in good standing for a wholesale line of credit to be used exclusively to finance the clunker rebate amount.

American Honda Financial Services allows dealers to deduct the amount of the rebate when the dealer pays off the inventory loan on a vehicle. Though lenders typically give dealers three to seven days to pay off the inventory loan, Honda Financial is giving dealers an extra 20 days from the date the dealer submits a request to the government for the rebate check. The program began Wednesday.

“Dealers aren’t being paid on a daily basis for the clunker submissions, so we’re giving them extra time to make the deal work,” said Chris Martin, a Honda spokesman.

Ford’s used-car support

Ford Motor Credit is taking a different approach, says spokeswoman Meredith Libbey. It is working with qualifying dealerships that it floorplans to provide additional used-vehicle financing on a temporary basis to help ease the cash-flow crunch.

Comerica Bank, a large provider of inventory financing for dealerships, has no formal program, but it is trying to flexible with its dealers caught in the cash crunch. The dealer can deduct the amount of the rebate when it pays off the inventory and complete the payment when reimbursed by the government, said Joe Moran, senior vice president in Comerica’s dealer services group.

“We understand they may require some liquidity and support,” said Moran. “We’re working with our dealers.”

David Wilson, president of David Wilson Automotive Group in Orange, Calif., said, “We’ve sold nearly 1,100 cars on the program and have been paid for five.”

“I’m out way over $4 million and growing by $200,000 per day,” he said.

Wilson, who owns Toyota and Honda stores, is not taking advantage of the financial assistance because he says his company has plenty of capital. But he hopes the government will set a definite end date for the program.

“This stimulus is really working,” said Wilson. “If we could just get paid.”

Car Decoration Full Swing

Car DecorationAuto Club, a driver of the original members of his family used Xiali car is a hatchback, then in addition to outside the car wash, there is no vehicle to carry out what the idea of decoration.  Bought a new car - Fukang when decorate almost every day, decoration, waxing it, add a variety of additives, with a total want to spruce up some of their own vehicles, some easy to use.  His words at least a car conservation of the two points of concern: First, the grade of the vehicle, and the other is the use of the time . What is the price to do nothing, it was decided to carry out maintenance when the owners are willing to pay what the price;  what the upbringing of used cars, it was decided that the owners have no passion for conservation.  Accurately grasp the position, at different levels in phases to meet the individual needs of consumers in order to seize the market.

RHJ CEO says Opel sale not foregone conclusion

FRANKFURT (Reuters) – RHJ International still has good chances of winning the prolonged bidding process for Opel, the company’s head said.

RHJ CEO Leonhard Fischer said the outcome of the bidding process for Opel is not a foregone conclusion despite widespread backing for rival bidder Magna International.

Fischer’s comments were made in an interview with the German business newspaper Handelsblatt.

The German government, which is providing financial aid to keep Opel alive, is pushing Opel parent General Motors to sell a majority stake in the carmaker to Magna.

Fischer warned against jumping to hasty conclusions and added that it did not benefit the German government to “ban competition from the bidding process.”

“Predeterminations in preference of a specific investor only make the already complex sales negotiations more formidable,” he told Handelsblatt.

GM CEO Fritz Henderson and Magna Co-CEO Siegfried Wolf failed at a meeting on Friday to come to an agreement on Magna’s bid for Opel.

Fischer said talks were not necessary between GM and RHJ at the moment, as the two companies had already negotiated a basic contract.

German government officials and labor unions have expressed their preference for Magna and have prodded GM to work towards an agreement. They believe Opel has a better a long-term future under Magna’s Russian-backed consortium.

Magna wants to expand Opel’s full-scale car assembly business and forecasts high growth rates, especially in Russia.

GM’s chief negotiator John Smith has praised RHJ’s offer as simple and easy to implement, but Berlin rejected its first offer for Opel in May and the Belgium-based private equity firm has been unable to undermine widespread backing in Germany for Magna, even after dropping plans to close two German plants.

Smith said GM still has significant issues with Magna’s offer including Opel’s involvement with Chevrolet in Russia, intellectual property transfer rights in Russia, advanced technology access and product development responsibilities.

Auto manufacturer to close El Paso warehouse, plans to lay off 155 employees

EL PASO — Lear Corporation, the Michigan-based automotive parts manufacturer, plans to close its El Paso distribution warehouse and lay off its 155 employees.

Lear has notified the Texas Workforce Commission it plans to complete the layoffs by October at the warehouse, 950 Loma Verde Dr. on the far East Side.

Mel Stephens, vice president and director of corporate communications at Lear’s Southfield, Mich., headquarters, said the layoffs were a result of lower production by automakers.

Lear has a much larger presence in Juárez, with several plants and about 4,000 workers who make seat covers and electronic components for new vehicles. Stephens said those operations are running at lower production levels but Lear doesn’t have any plans to reduce its maquiladora operations.